BenV's notes

Archive for August, 2009

Minor annoyance about linux

by on Aug.31, 2009, under Morons, Software

So I’m working on a little info script (check out Infoscreen) so I can have a nice overview
of my server when I look at console number one without having to log in etc.

Simple question:
“Where in /proc can I find a list of IP addresses with corresponding interfaces?”

Simple answer:
Try /proc/net/if_inet6!

wouter@wouter-laptop:~:0>cat /proc/net/if_inet6
00000000000000000000000000000001 01 80 10 80 lo
20010888148d0000022100fffe221352 04 40 00 00 wlan1
fe80000000000000022100fffe221352 04 40 20 80 wlan1

… that’s great…. but I really wanted the IPv4 addresses as well.
“/proc/net/if_inet4” or “/proc/net/if_inet”? Noooooo….

Conclusion: KANKER LINUX!

Obviously I can get the address by calling ‘ip addr show‘, ‘ifconfig‘ or a heap of other solution involving calling ioctl on sockets or using the netlink interface… but seriously, blegh.

The most retarded thing is that pretty much every other statistic about my network devices is there… including active connections and whatnot, but ipv4 addresses? Nooooo….. *RAAH*

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New server, day 2. DomU and networking.

by on Aug.29, 2009, under Software

Another day, another time for fun!

Since we got Xen up and running yesterday, it’s now time for actually having some fun with it.
The goals are:

  1. Getting xend started automagically when booting without destroying my network connection
  2. Getting a domU up and running with a network connection
  3. Getting an internal network between the domUs and dom0, shielded from the big bad internet.

(continue reading…)

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New server, slackware64 and Xen 3.4

by on Aug.29, 2009, under Hardware, Software

You read it right, time for fun!

First we build ourselves a nice cute little server in a 2U rack case made by Chenbro (sounds like Xenbro to me ;)).
Inside we stash a quad core Phenom X2 810, 2 western digital 1TB disks from the “green” series and of course 8GB of DDR1333.
Could be faster, but this should do for not too much coin. (about 600 euros).
(continue reading…)

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Secret Maryo Chronicles

by on Aug.28, 2009, under Boring, Fun

So I was bored and went through the usual slashdot, kernel.org, freshmeat.net, etc.
Once reading through the news on happypenguin.org I noticed it must be mario season or something.
After checking the descriptions I decided to check out Super Mario^W^WSecret Maryo Chronicles.
(continue reading…)

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PDF printing and Cups (The Cups Drama ™ Part 2!)

by on Aug.25, 2009, under Software

Here we are today, trying to do a very simple thing. Print a stupid little PDF document so our customers can pay their bills.
Easy huh? Especially after the previous cups drama?

So we fire up xpdf on the document, hit the print icon, lpr, GO!
*time passes*
Mhm, what is it now?
*check http://localhost:631*
Nope, no document there, seems like it was handled by the printer.
*check cups error_log*
Heaps of garbage there.

Remember that we had this issue left in our previous cups story? Something about PDF printing causing issues? (continue reading…)

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dos2unix

by on Aug.21, 2009, under Morons, Software

Another annoying thing: morons that save their files with dos line endings.
Also known as “I’ve got motherfucking ^M in my file, AAAIIEEEEYGGrrgrll“.
I usually find out about this when bash complains about stuff like this:

benv@janeman:~$ ./bla.pl
-bash: ./bla.pl: /usr/bin/perl^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory

(HAAAAAT!!!)

Solution:

benv@janeman:~$ vim kankerfile
:set fileformat=unix
:wq

(Don’t confuse fileformat with filetype, one is used for encoding, the other for things as syntax highlighting)

Solution 2:

benv@janeman:~$ dos2unix kankerfile

I never use this since I never have that piece of cancer called dos2unix, but some distros do.

Solution 3:

sed -ie 's/\r//g' bla.pl

That should fix it. On to the “let’s trash my home directory with my fancy new perl script that I just converted” 😉

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Installing rrdtool 1.3/1.4 on Slackware

by on Aug.21, 2009, under Software

This keeps bugging me.
Configure fails to build rrdtool because xrender is referenced in the cairo.pc pkg-config file.
The error looks like this:

configure: WARNING:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* I could not find a working copy of pangocairo. Check config.log for hints on why
this is the case. Maybe you need to set LDFLAGS and CPPFLAGS appropriately
so that compiler and the linker can find libpangocairo-1.0 and its header files. If
you have not installed pangocairo, you can get it either from its original home on

http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/pango/1.17

You can find also find an archive copy on

http://oss.oetiker.ch/rrdtool/pub/libs

The last tested version of pangocairo is 1.17.

LIBS=-lm -lglib-2.0 -lpangocairo-1.0 -lpango-1.0 -lcairo -lgobject-2.0 -lgmodule-2.0 -lgthread-2.0 -lrt -lglib-2.0
LDFLAGS=
CPPFLAGS= -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/glib-2.0/include

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
configure: error: Please fix the library issues listed above and try again.

However, it doesn’t need it at all. The doc/rrdbuild.txt describes this problem for Opensolaris, but it goes for Slackware as well.

Solution:

root@janeman# perl -i~ -p -e 's/(Requires.*?)\s*xrender.*/$1/' /usr/lib/pkgconfig/cairo.pc

Now it -will- run through configure. Thanks. (yeah yeah, it’s hidden in the docs somewhere).

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configure/autoconf and paths

by on Aug.21, 2009, under Software

Of course you’re already thrilled by my slackbuild.pl script, but this one thing keeps popping up.
How do I get configure to get my system paths right without giving it a line that’s 2389472389 arguments long?
Simple, install a site config.
A what?!

It’s a tiny little shell script that takes the configure options and barfs out some prefixes and stuff based on the options presented to it.
So when I tell it prefix=/usr, it will decide that sysconfdir=/etc instead of sysconfdir=/usr/etc.

You can get my my version here:
(0 downloads)     

Now the important tidbit. In order for configure to automagically use this script, you wil need to set the environment variable CONFIG_SITE.
Personally I do this through a profile file. Download the config.site script, put it in /etc and put the profile file in /etc/profile.d. Logout/login, done.
Oh, here’s the profile file:
(0 downloads)     

Now if everything worked out allright, running configure should start with something like this:

benv@janeman:/usr/src/coolprogram-1.0$ ./configure
configure: loading site script /etc/config.site
prefix=/usr
sysconfdir=/etc
bindir=/usr/bin
sbindir=/usr/sbin
includedir=/usr/include
libdir=/usr/lib64
libexecdir=/usr/libexec
datadir=/usr/share
mandir=/usr/share/man
infodir=/usr/share/info
localstatedir=/var
sharedstatedir=/var/cache
lispdir=/usr/share/emacs/site-lisp

Wonderful isn’t it? 🙂

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The wonders of SSH forwarding

by on Aug.21, 2009, under Boring

This is trivial stuff, but nice to know.

Do they have a cute little firewall at your work that only allows outgoing traffic on a certain port? Does some site have retarded IP restrictions? Does the piratebay block you from home?
Have no fear, ssh is slow as a bear. (huh?)

Anyway, you could use an anonymous proxy to get around all of this, but they are often slow and hard to find. Not only that, they often require you to use a specific port.
So the simple solution for all this: use ssh. Of course this requires you to have ssh access on a machine outside of the network that you’re trying to get out of.
But if you don’t even have that, you probably suck anyway. (get lost with your micro~s fail piece of cardboard).

Solution #1, for simple TCP port forwards. For instance when you’re trying to access a remote snmp server that has the irc port (6667 by default) firewalled:

idiot@yourmachine$ ssh -L 1234:127.0.0.1:6667 ip.of.irc.machine
*username and password stuff*

After a successful login you can now connect an IRC program to localhost on port 1234 and it will act as if you were connecting to the remote machine directly. (bypassing the firewall).
Woei. Too bad this fails for UDP though. You also need to keep the ssh connection open, but that’s pretty obvious.

Solution #2, for a real proxy solution. When you’re trying to access a remote web server it becomes more annoying to use a simple port forward, since your browser will not pass the correct
information to the remote server. (It will say Host: 127.0.0.1 for where it was supposed to be Host: www.piratebay.org for example).
To make this work we simply turn ssh into a socks proxy like this:

moron@yourmom$ ssh -D 1234 ip.remote.shell.machine
*username and password stuff*

Now you can enter localhost and port 1234 in your browser’s proxy configuration in the SOCKS proxy section. Magic, you can now go to any site and it will be tunneled through the nicely encrypted ssh session. (although it might be a bit slower).

Well, so much for the obvious stuff today.

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Xen and booting domU using a vanilla kernel

by on Aug.18, 2009, under Morons, Software

Our server in the datacenter is running slackware (duh) with a nice Xen installation on it.
Still running with Xen 3 using PAE since the last time I updated/upgraded it without any major problems for over 2 years now 🙂
(ignoring the time that the power supply let go of the the magic smoke)

So after the latest local root exploit thing, and testing it on some machines during har2009, I figured it might be nice to get the patch into my kernels. Running a webserver usually means you’re at risk after all, especially when it’s running wordpress 😉

So I grabbed the latest kernel that had that patch and went for the usual make menuconfig ordeal. After half an hour of selecting “yes”, “maybe”, “I guess so”, and
some XEN options (CONFIG_PARAVIRT_GUEST=y, CONFIG_XEN=y, CONFIG_HVC_DRIVER=y, CONFIG_XEN_BLKDEV_FRONTEND=y, CONFIG_XEN_NETDEV_FRONTEND=y, CONFIG_XEN_KBDDEV_FRONTEND=y, CONFIG_HVC_XEN=y, CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON=y, CONFIG_XEN_SCRUB_PAGES=y, CONFIG_XENFS=y, CONFIG_XEN_COMPAT_XENFS=y) I built the thing.
As I usually build bzImages I also did so here. make bzImage modules modules_install.
Half an hour later I had a shiny bzImage. Let’s try it on a test domain!

I copied the bzImage to /boot, changed the kernel = "/boot/vmlinuz-xen-old" option to the new place, and GO!
This is what it told me:

root@iejoor:/xen/hosts/purple# xm create -c purple.cfg-newkernel
Using config file "./purple.cfg-newkernel".
Started domain purple
root@iejoor:/xen/hosts/purple#

Huh, where’s my console?
Checking xm list it seemed to be there… but paused… and with constantly increasing ids. Waaait a minute!
Checking the log files (xend.log in this case) revealed a secret:

[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices irq.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices vkbd.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices vfb.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices console.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:167) Waiting for 0.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices pci.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices ioports.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices tap.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (DevController:162) Waiting for devices vtpm.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] INFO (XendDomain:1165) Domain purple (35) unpaused.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] WARNING (XendDomainInfo:1240) Domain has crashed: name=purple id=35.
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (XendDomainInfo:1879) XendDomainInfo.destroy: domid=35
[2009-08-18 16:40:01 16116] DEBUG (XendDomainInfo:1896) XendDomainInfo.destroyDomain(35)

Note the ‘WARNING’ line. Crashed?!
Gee, that’s … interesting. Why? Took me 5 minutes to find the other log file, but xend-debug.log had a magic line:
ERROR Invalid kernel: xc_dom_find_loader: no loader found
… great. Another why.
In case you’re wondering, the increasing status in ‘xm list’ was caused by the on_crash = 'reboot' line in the xen host config.
I quickly destroyed the doman and changed it to a oneshot try: on_crash = 'destroy'

After some searching another hint presented itself. Aren’t they nice?
This hint was: “Xen is a retarded piece of cancer and can’t decypher the bzImage format, try vmlinux instead”. Aha!
Back to the kernel, make vmlinux, copy, and another try to boot it. Obviously this was way too simple. It still crashed.
Checking my old kernel that works for both dom0 and domU with file I noticed that gz should at least work.

# file /boot/vmlinuz-2.6*
/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.18.8-xen: gzip compressed data, from Unix, last modified: Tue Nov 25 16:13:16 2008, max compression
/boot/vmlinuz-new: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), statically linked, not stripped

Some more details about the crashing domains can be found using xm dmesg
It gave me something like:

(XEN) traps.c:413:d38 Unhandled general protection fault fault/trap [#13] on VCPU 0 [ec=0000]
(XEN) domain_crash_sync called from entry.S (ff18928e)
(XEN) Domain 38 (vcpu#0) crashed on cpu#3:
(XEN) ----[ Xen-3.2.3 x86_32p debug=n Not tainted ]----
(XEN) CPU: 3
(XEN) EIP: e019:[]
(XEN) EFLAGS: 00000282 CONTEXT: guest
(XEN) eax: 8000c068 ebx: c064c040 ecx: 80000000 edx: 00000cf8
(XEN) esi: c0651f3c edi: c0651f30 ebp: c06981b8 esp: c0651f14
(XEN) cr0: 8005003b cr4: 000006f0 cr3: 00bd5c80 cr2: 00000000
(XEN) ds: e021 es: e021 fs: e021 gs: e021 ss: e021 cs: e019
(XEN) Guest stack trace from esp=c0651f14:
(XEN) 00000000 c03e9e60 0001e019 00010082 c04bd0cd 00000068 00000000 00000000
(XEN) 00002003 00000000 00003030 00000002 00000007 c064c07c c065dfd8 00000000
(XEN) c06423c0 c064c100 c0651fd8 c065a63f 00000005 00000000 00000000 00000000
(XEN) c065d02b 006faee4 00000000 00000000 c056dad4 00100000 00000000 00100000
(XEN) 00100000 00000000 006faee4 c065d27c 006faee4 00000000 00000000 c0651fe8
(XEN) 00000000 00000000 00000000 c0651fe8 00000000 00000000 c065756f c056dd50
(XEN) c04c5020 c0657073 c0651ff4 c065973e 00000000 17898175 00800001 03040800
(XEN) 00100f22 00000000 c08e0000 c04ba91b c04ba923 c0103371 c0103878 c0659a92
(XEN) c01039c7 c0103afc c0103d1a c0104004 c0104163 c01041eb c010451d c010457c
(XEN) c0659eb7 c0659ebf c04ba975 c04baa22 c0105536 c01055ae c0105781 c0105c5c
(XEN) c0105c9e c0106253 c0106345 c0106831 c010683d c0107b07 c010825e c0108333
(XEN) c065a45c c065a46a c0108e56 c065a982 c065a98a c0109bf0 c065af2c c065af93
(XEN) c065afe9 c065b042 c065b09b c065b0f4 c065b14d c065b1a6 c065b1ff c065b258
(XEN) c065b2b1 c065b32d c065b341 c065b397 c065b3f0 c065b449 c065c14f c065c157
(XEN) c010aee5 c010aef3 c010af77 c010af85 c065d7be c065d7d1 c010bdc3 c010be22
(XEN) c010c113 c010c14a c010c1c6 c010c2f3 c010c41a c010c443 c010c4dd c010d267
(XEN) c010d4cb c010d77b c010d782 c010de76 c010defd c010df0c c010df3f c010df49
(XEN) c010df84 c010df8c c010df94 c04bb1d7 c04bb466 c04bb4db c04bb5b9 c04bb60f
(XEN) c04bb62f c04bbb8b c04bbd60 c065de79 c065de81 c04bc041 c04bc46b c04bc50d
(XEN) c04bc899 c04bc902 c065e012 c065e01a c065e028 c065e030 c065e038 c065e040

As you can see, that’s really useful….. 😉

A useful page with some info can be found here. It confirms that a gz kernel should work (but bz probably doesn’t) since I’m still running Xen 3.2. However, I can’t find a good reason for why it won’t work.

Google to the rescue! Hard to find a useful keyword, since most xen kernel issues seem to be similar, but eventually I found this tidbit:
tiny kernel patch.
Weird that this should be needed, one would hope that basic shit like this would work after 8 kernel versions, but obviously they’re all retards when it comes to this.
Thanks Jeremy Fitzhardinge for the patch!
Just for quick reference, this is the actual patch:

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
index 28e5f59..e2485b0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
@@ -356,7 +356,7 @@ static void __cpuinit early_init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_PCI)
/* check CPU config space for extended APIC ID */
- if (c->x86 >= 0xf) {
+ if (cpu_has_apic && c->x86 >= 0xf) {
unsigned int val;
val = read_pci_config(0, 24, 0, 0x68);
if ((val & ((1 << 17) | (1 << 18))) == ((1 << 17) | (1 << 18)))

So much for 'vanilla'.

However, it boots now:

root@iejoor:/xen/hosts/purple# xm create -c purple.cfg-newkernel
Using config file "./purple.cfg-newkernel".
Started domain purple
Reserving virtual address space above 0xf5800000
Linux version 2.6.30.5-jemoeder (root@iejoor) (gcc version 4.1.2) #9 SMP Tue Aug 18 22:59:38 CEST 2009
KERNEL supported cpus:
Intel GenuineIntel
AMD AuthenticAMD
NSC Geode by NSC
Cyrix CyrixInstead
Centaur CentaurHauls
Transmeta GenuineTMx86
Transmeta TransmetaCPU
UMC UMC UMC UMC
ACPI in unprivileged domain disabled
and a lot more yadieyada until it hits a new wall: root device.
Well, that sounds solvable.

In fact, here's a solution. What you say?
"AAAAH, I GET NOTHING, IT WON'T EVEN CRASH ANYMORE, JUST NO OUTPUT???!"
Ah yeah, I forgot to mention: they changed the console device as well as the block device. So here's a solution for both issues:
Edit your xen host config file and make it so:

root = "/dev/xvda1 ro"
extra = "xencons=hvc0"

(xvda1 is what used to be sda1, you can figure out the rest).

And after all this: HAHA! Success is mine!
Except of course for the undeniable fact that my domU has a fucked up fstab and all, but no issues there 🙂
Now go mess up your own system! Oh, I see... you already did. Good luck fixing it 😉

Update

I just tested a testing kernel -- 2.6.31-rc8, and it seems like they fixed it. Probably has been fixed in the testing branch for quite a while now, but still not in stable 2.6.30 🙂
Let's hope they release 2.6.31 soon.

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